The Pathward technique suggests four possible completions to the current gesture.
The Fieldward technique uses color gradients to reveal optimal directions for creating recognizable gestures.
We ran a two-part experiment in which 27 participants each created 42 personal gesture shortcuts on a smartphone, using Pathward, Fieldward or No Feedforward.
The Fieldward technique best supported the most common user strategy, i.e. to create a memorable gesture first and then adapt it to be recognized by the system. Users preferred the Fieldward technique to Pathward or No Feedforward, and remembered gestures more easily when using the technique.
Dynamic guides can help developers design novel gesture vocabularies and support users as they design custom gestures for mobile applications.